Exploring the Ancient City of Aspendos, Antalya, Turkey

The ancient city of Aspendos, which has one of the rare ancient theaters and aqueducts that have survived until today, is among the most visited places visited by local and foreign tourists. Aspendos is famous for having the best preserved Roman Theater in the Mediterranean region.

This ancient city was founded on the hill plain near the Köprüçay (Ancient Eurymedon), one of the largest rivers in the region.

The city is located Serik district of Antalya and at the 2nd km of the road which turns north from the 44th km of the Antalya – Alanya highway. A photogenic Seljuk bridge crosses the Köprü River from the road to Aspendos,49 km east of Antalya. The road continues past the Aspendos Jewellery Centre to the ancient city of Aspendos, a site which is dominated by the besi-preserved theatre of antiguity with seating for 15.000.

Although the theater and waterways of the this ancient city are famous, actually ancient city cover a large area. The ruins of the other buildings of the city are at the level of the hill where the theater rests. Especially the historical aqueducts, two-storey shops and the stoa (columnar gallery) complex show the importance of this ancient city in terms of commercial and political aspects. The galleries, stage decorations and acoystics all reflect the ability of the architect Zenon. Close to the theatre, basilica and agora lie the remains of an agueduct, one of the largest in Anatolia.

Undoubtedly, the most famous building in this ancient city is the amphitheater. Aspendos Theater is one of the most prominent representatives of the Roman Period theaters with its architectural features and well-preserved. The building exhibits the latest lines of Roman theater architecture and construction technique.

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This building is considered to acoustically the best theater in the world. The entire auditorium has a total of 41 seats, 21 at the bottom and 20 at the top. The rows of seats with two upper parts are separated by a horizontal transition called diazoma. The top of the auditorium is surrounded by a gallery of 58 columns and arches.

In addition to the theater, the most important ruins of the city are the waterways. The Aspendos waterway system is one of the best examples of antique waterways that have been preserved until today. The north-south arched bridge has water pressure towers at both ends.

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On the hill where the theater is rested, there are agora, basilica, monumental fountain, parliament building, monumental plug, street and Hellenistic temple.

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