Known as Hellespontos and Dardanel in ancient times, Çanakkale is a settlement area since 3000 BC.
Çanakkale is one of the culture and tourism centers of our country with its nature, people’s hospitality, unique buildings, ancient cities, historical city walls, martyr’s cemeteries, civil architecture examples, clean coastlines and beaches with blue flag, fascınating islands, thermal springs, equable climate, various agricultural products, regional cuisine, fresh and assorted fishes, handicrafts, folklore and artists.
History of Canakkale
Çanakkale has been the target of various migration and invasion movements as it is one of the two gateways that connect Asia and Europe and the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Çanakkale came under the sovereignty of the Lydian Kingdom which became a great power in Western Anatolia in the 7th century BC. It was conquered by the Persians in the 5th century BC and by Alexander the Great in 334 BC. Subsequent to the death of Alexander the Great, the region came under the sovereignty of the Romans in the second century BC until 395 AD, after which the Byzantine Period began. Arab and Crusader invasions followed the Byzantine Period. In the I4th century, the Karasioğulları, a Turkish tribe, came into the region and made Balıkesir their capital.
Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror founded and developed the city of Çanakkale in the 15th century.
In the following periods, the city continued to grow thanks to its geographical position.
Geographical Location of Canakkale
Çanakkale, which is known as “Hellespontos” and “Dardanelles” in ancient years, is located in Marmara and the Aegean regions.
Located on the north-western coast of Turkey, Çanakkale, like İstanbul, embraces two continents with one arm reaching out to Asia, Biga Peninsula, and the other Kurope, Gelibolu Peninsula.
Map of Touristic Places of Çanakkale
The transition climate between the Black Sea and Mediterranean climates is dominating the city. Winters are mild, windy and rainy, and summers are windy and hot. Daily temperatures in the summer range between 25 ‘C and 35 ‘C. The temperature of the sea is the highest in July and August.
Because of its strategic geographical location, Çanakkale region (Troas) has seen many invasions throughout its history which goes back to about 5000 BC. The region includes important archeological sites such as Troy, Neandria, Alexandria-Troas, Assos, Chryse, Dardanos, and Lampsakos.
Gelibolu Peninsula where the Gallipoli Campaign which is important and specific in our history and World War history occur, Troy and Assos which are important centers in Western Anatolia of the ancient world are essential tourist and historical values of Çanakkale. The ancient cities which remain from a historical process Trojan War to the Gallipoli Campaign and Sanctorum have embodied the theme of “Peace” to the city’s identity. Çanakkale has done the honors of “Peace.”
Beaches of Canakkale
The length of the coastline is 671 km and it is Canakkale city where the history and geography come together significantly. With the bays where green and blue meet, clean sea and sheltered beaches, Canakkale offers amazing beauties for sea lovers.
Handicrafts of Canakkale
For the article about Handicrafts of Canakkale you may take a look to this article: Handicrafts of Canakkale
Things to Do in Canakkale
The Dardanelles are exposed to the wind constantly and regularly. Therefore all around of the Dardanelles but especially the Güzelyalı coast region is good for windsurfing fans.
Do not leave Canakkale without…
* Visiting the Historic National Park of Gallipoli Peninsula,
* Soaking up the atmosphere of the ancient city of ‘Troy,
* Scuba diving in the tranquil waters of Gokceada,
* Seeing the mythological Mount Ida,
* Viewing a spectacular sunset at Assos,
* Tasting tempting regional dishes and locally produced wine,
* Sampling Ezine cheese and olive oil…